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What Is Self-Fulfilling Prophecy

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Self-fulfilling prophecy is coined by 20th-century sociologist Robert K Merton.  In his 1948 article Self-Fulfilling Prophecy, Merton defines it in the following terms:

The self-fulfilling prophecy is, in the beginning, a false definition of the situation evoking a new behavior which makes the original false conception come true. This specious validity of the self-fulfilling prophecy perpetuates a reign of error. For the prophet will cite the actual course of events as proof that he was right from the very beginning.

Which to put in a simple way is a phenomenon where first an individual predict something and that prediction later comes true, but it’s not because of some supernatural power but rather the prediction itself comes true, directly or indirectly, because of the prophecy. For example, a father says “my elder son is not going to achieve anything in his life, he gonna be a loser.” This thought of him drives him to invest less on the son’s study, often neglects him, shows less of care and affection. All these factors negatively impact the son’s life. No better education, no love and care and affection, despised and neglected, low in self esteem, lead the son to achieve nothing much in life. Then father be like “Look, I told you all, that my elder son will not achieve anything in his life..gonna be a loser”
That is self-fulfilling prophecy. You predict something and then knowingly/unknowingly act to cause the prediction come true. “Mark my word, our relationship will not last long” “My daughter will make me proud some day” “He is a terrible leader. He will fail our country” are few examples that we often hear in our day to day life, and as the prophecy comes true, they come and say “Look, I told you!” What the person fails to see is, his prediction came true because he acted upon and influenced the involved parties to react enough to ultimately fulfill the prophecy.Self-fulfilling prophecy has a wider implication in all aspects of our life. The prominent real-world example is, inflation. Mass assumes rice price will go up, then everyone starts buying rice, thus high in demand, and ultimately raising price of rice. Another example is politics. Opposition party claims the new government is not good for country, then they start opposing the government for everything it does, creating more political chaos, and ultimately the new government turns out to be bad for the country.
It can also have a positive effect though. Like on above examples from positive side. Pygmalion effect as is popularly known.

People react not only to the situations they are in, but also, and often primarily, to the way they perceive the situations and to the meaning they assign to these perceptions. — Thomas Theoram.

Therefore, they say, you become what you believe in, you get what you want, things can happen as you wish, Positive wants and wishes lead to positive outcomes, negative to negative outcomes.
To sum up, self-fulfilling prophecy and how it works, this quote of Mahatma Gandhi says it all,

“Your beliefs become your thoughts, Your thoughts become your words, Your words become your actions, Your actions become your habits, Your habits become your values, Your values become your destiny.”

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Style Tips For Dressing Better

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The sharpness of your wardrobe is always upon the details.There are small things that need to be considered in order to stand out of the crowd and look peculiar.Though most of the people try and make the dressing part complicated I want to simplify this and put this into following points.

1.Know Your Body:

Your body is your workplace , your experimental garage and you need to know your body properly before you put something on. You have to have a proper knowledge about your body before putting in or even buying any clothes. Mainly I classify men body into following basic types:
  1. The Heavy Lifter: They have a broad trunk along with large legs and wearing simpler wardrobe makes you look fat rather than fit.
  2. The Fit Athletic: This is the god of styling shapes as for you guys anything that goes in fits well. Try to accentuate the body that you have been working at with slim fit and normal fits.
  3. Chubby Cute: You guys are quite have hit the fat mark above athletics with a little beer belly.
  4. Big Sized: Big boned or Obese is what people usually refer this stage but I want to call this as slightly oversized.The best will be the loose fits but the styling is yet possible.

2.Buy What Fits:

Always buy clothes that fit you.When you walk into a store look for what you want then try a size. If you are a Large, try a medium once. Most of the men here in Nepal do not consider the size of what they wear but you need to. I admit that all the clothes do not fit out of the rack but tailoring is always a second option. For better fits try branded showrooms,they give a good value for the wear. If you are on a budget, try some stuff at the branded stores at least, that will give you a plain idea about how clothes should fit.

3.Plan Your Wardrobe:

Have you even been in a hurry,then put what came in your hands and left. Yes! I used to be the same but after I started planning my wardrobe the night before I never worry about it anymore. Sometimes the special piece of clothing is hard to find in a rush and we end up looking below our expectations which hurt confidence. So,try planning what to wear the night before. If you have shirts to wear press them properly, look if there are any loose buttons or stitches and for special occasions try the whole outfit, it will give you an idea about how you are going to look and how you ought to express.

4.Emphasize On Your Body:

Caring for your body for clothing is like designing your house for painting.Not all of have great looking houses but in the presence of necessary infrastructures we can build a better house and styling it is our artwork. So your body needs to be ready for styling at first. I suggest everyone stay fit and in shape so that you guys can dress effortlessly. Care for your body shape.

5.Follow Models Of Your Shape:

There are thousands of models out there and many of them resemble your shape and complexion. The models have clearly better ideas for dressing then you guys so following them can be helpful.Keep your body measurements and search for people out there. Talking about myself I have a broad shoulder and tapered lower body and I end up looking like a heavy lifter so I follow professional athletes like Triple H and also Sylvester Stallone.
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How To Encourage People To Conserve Energy?

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By 2020, global population will reach 8 billion and GDP will rise to $80 Trillion. Along with this, there will be surge on internet user reaching half of humanity. Energy demand and consumption synergies with this trend. However, Fossil fuels shall still remain most favorite source of energy for most of the mankind activities and with fossil fuels comes repugnant gift i.e. Climate Change. This is where dire need of conserving energy and change in its usages pattern comes into force and our effort to motivate single individual will have butterfly effect. In a very (un)surprising, dealing with climate change is not really what motivates people, something else is.

Human being have tendency to not to act when they feel like they are being enforced or when things do not reach their sentiment and touch bottom of their heart. If we continue to talk about climate change and global warming, there will barely touch emotion and create connection which are critical for people to act. Only when emotion are touched, close connections are made, people will start connecting dots. A very good news is many multinational companies are using this technique of reaching out people’s emotion to sale their products globally. This similar tactic is what we need to adapt if we really want people to stand up for conservation of energy. Emotional drives can be showing interconnection of our complex relation of climate change and its effect through our energy consumption habit in more simplified manner. Like how load shedding on developing countries for children preparing their future while we leave our internet-connected gadget on sleep mode or computer on even for useless time. Such emotional stories hit inner core of heart and compel people to act.

Another more effective way is related to habit and general human temperament this largely encompasses “impression and showing of how good we are” to promote energy saving behavior. In today’s time, where no one wants to remain anonymous smarten, it’s time we create visible incentives and start providing credit to those who are actually saving energy or minimizing their usages. This could be simple initiation by municipality or Energy Distribution Authority to provide “star card” as reward for conservation or lesser conservation of energy. Higher the stars, better the household’s effort on conservation of energy. Such star card could be used for varieties of purposes like getting discount on state-produced products, organic food, etc. Another method could be hanging around shiny metals of different color with unique representation hanging on gateway.

In similar manner to impression, another tactic to change paradigm of consuming energy and shift it more towards conserving is to play with “Social Status” concept of people. People often consider certain trade as symbol of status and certain as not. This is perfectly depicted by smart phone phenomena of recent time. What was considered ‘status symbol’ half a decade back has now become part of everyday life and they are being available at very reasonable prices as well. It might take some time, but making Solar Roof a status symbol at beginning and then ‘part of life’ could tremendously help us in farming our own energy. “Solar Roof” can be gifted for those who conserve energy well above their targeted goal as a part of this initiatives and start creating wave of campaign on ‘Solar Roof’ as higher status symbol.

“Carbon Trade scheme” like concept can also be adopted to encourage people to conserve energy. People can be provided with goal to minimize their consumption of energy based on their past energy consuming habits. The difference between their past and current consumption can be used as ‘energy stock’. Like Carbon stock, such energy stock could be sold to those who are unable to change their consumption habit. This will in one hand reward those with interest in saving energy and encouraging their conservation habit meanwhile make “unnecessary energy consumption” a luxury to those who are not able to change their habits. It will create win-win situation to both team and latter being highly encouraged to conserve energy to shed off the ever increasing price.

In addition, we can often find how deeply religion is rooted to billions of people irrespective of religion they follow. Such strong belief and faith on religion could be smartly used to change habits of followers and drive them into conserving energy if Leaders like Pope Francis from other religion preaching for energy conservation are also highlighted by mainstream Medias.

While selling facts might seem tangible to encourage people to save energy. Such counts for really far lesser population. With human psychology strongly effecting individual’s action, if we emphasize on reaching out emotions, hitting temperament and what they actually believe in, we can ease our way to encourage people to conserve energy.

-Rahul Acharya
Agriculture and Forestry University

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What Is Global Entrepreneurship Week?

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Global Entrepreneurship Week (GEW) is the world’s largest celebration of innovators and job creators, who launch startups that bring ideas to life to drive economic growth and expand well-being. The initiative kicked off in 2008, launched by former UK Prime Minister Gordon Brown and Carl Schramm, the president and CEO of the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation. Since then, it has grown to 160 countries—with nearly 20,000 partner organizations planning more than 35,000 activities that directly engage more than 10 million people.
During one week each November, GEW inspires people everywhere through local, national and global activities designed to help them explore their potential as self-starters and innovators. These activities, from large-scale competitions and events to intimate networking gatherings, connect participants to potential collaborators, mentors and even investors—introducing them to new possibilities and exciting opportunities.
The GEW 2016 focuses on five major themes: namely, Investors, Youth, Women, Cities and Scale-Ups. This year, Samriddhi Foundation, an independent economic policy think tank that works to facilitate discourses on pragmatic market based solutions for a free and prosperous Nepal, will be marking GEW 2016 in three particular themes from the five: Investors, Youths and Cities.
GEW Youth celebrates and shapes the next generation of entrepreneurs through activities and competitions to help them sharpen their skills and connect them to potential cofounders, mentors and even investors. The aim is to highlight powerful voices and ambassadors that promote the increase of young entrepreneurs; events, activities and competitions targeted toward youth in entrepreneurship.
GEW Investors provides an opportunity for early stage investors to build and strengthen their entrepreneurial ecosystems – helping to enhance connections with startup communities and policymakers alike. Again, the aim is to outline powerful voices and ambassadors that increase awareness of the importance of investors in startup ecosystem dynamics; events, activities and competitions that engage investors.
GEW Cities explores widespread efforts by policymakers and startup communities alike to support the development of local entrepreneurs, ensuring they have access to the connection and resources necessary to help them launch new startups that provide jobs, generate wealth and disrupt local industries.
This year’s Global Entrepreneurship Week 2016 is kickstarting from November 14 to November 20, 2016.
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