The Extraordinary Genius of Albert Einstein
Einstein is synonym of Genius. But how and why? Who was this man in first? This documentary answers everything that you need to know about him. Also, check the timeline in the body section to have more detail understanding of his life in a quick glance.
Timeline of Albert Einstein
Birth and Childhood
March 14, 1879: Albert Einstein was born in Ulm, Germany, the first child of his parents, Hermann and Pauline Einstein. On June 21, 1880, ·his family moved to Munich, Germany. On March 31, 1885, Einstein enrolled in the second grade of a Catholic elementary school called the Petersschule. He received Jewish religious instruction at home and also begun taking violin lessons. In the fall of 1889, the medical student Max Talmud begun joining the Einstein family regularly for dinner and introduced Albert to scientific and philosophical writings.
On June 1894, at age 15, The Einstein family moved to Milan, Italy, but Einstein remained in Munich to complete his education at the Gymnasium. However, on December 29, 1894, Einstein dropped out of the Luitpold Gymnasium and joined his family in Milan. On October 26, 1895, ·after failing the entry exam for the Zurich Polytechnic, Einstein was accepted to the trade department of the cantonal school in Aarau, Switzerland. There, he lived with the family of Jost Winteler, a teacher in Aarau. On January 28, 1896, Einstein’s officially renounced his German citizenship. In October 1896, Einstein begun studying at the Zurich Polytechnic in a teachers’ training program.
Einstein Life in 20s
On July 28, 1900, Einstein received his diploma as a mathematics teacher and started work on his doctoral thesis. At age 22, on February 21, 1901, Einstein officially became a Swiss citizen. Then, Einstein begun working as a temporary teacher at the Technical College in Winterthur, Switzerland. Also, he worked as a teacher at a private school in Schaffhausen, Switzerland. During this time, he was dating Mileva Maric, with whom he had his first daughter. On January 6, 1903, Einstein and Mileva married.
In April 1903, Einstein formed the Olympia Academy with his friends Maurice Solovine and Conrad Habicht. On May 14, 1904, the couple had second child, Hans Albert. On March 17, 1905, at the age of 26, Einstein completed his paper on quantum theory. On May 11, 1905, ·Einstein’s paper on Brownian motion was accepted by the Annalen der Physik. Same year on September 28, 1905, Einstein’s paper on the special theory of relativity was published in the Annalen der Physik. At age 27, on January 15, 1906, Einstein received his doctorate from the University of Zurich. On February 28, 1908, Einstein became a privatdozent at Bern University. On May 7, 1909, ·Einstein was appointed extraordinary professor of theoretical physics at Zurich University. On July 28, 1910, Eduard, the Einsteins’ second son, was born in Zurich.
Einstein Life in 30s
January 30, 1912: ·Einstein was appointed professor of theoretical physics at the Zurich Polytechnic.
August 1912: ·Einstein begun collaborating with Marcel Grossman about the general theory of relativity.
On June 1914, Einstein and Mileva separated, and she returned to Zurich with their sons. His age was 35 at that time.
November 1914: ·Einstein signed a “Manifesto to the Europeans” advocating his pacifist and internationalist ideals. He also completed his formulation of the general theory of relativity.
September 1917: ·Einstein moved into the apartment of his cousin Elsa in Berlin.
October 1, 1917: ·The Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physics begun operating under Einstein’s management.
February 14, 1919: ·Einstein and Mileva obtained a divorce.
June 2, 1919: ·Einstein married his cousin Elsa in Berlin.
November 6, 1919: ·A solar eclipse had allowed scientists to observe phenomena predicted by Einstein’s general relativity theory, and news of the theory’s confirmation was announced at a ceremonial meeting of the Royal Society of London. And, Einstein became quite famous.
Einstein Life in 40s
April 2-May 30 1921: ·Einstein visited the U.S. for the first time on a fund- raising tour for the establishment of the Hebrew University in Jerusalem.
At age 43, on November 9, 1922, Einstein won the Nobel Prize for his work on quantum theory.
Einstein Life in 50s
August 1932: Einstein was appointed to the Institute of Advanced Study in Princeton. He planned to spend half a year a Princeton and the other half in Berlin.
On January 30, 1933, ·The Nazis seized power in Germany. On March 28, 1933, Einstein resigned from the Prussian Academy of Sciences and declared that he would not return to Germany. He is 54 years old at that time.
On October 17, 1933, Einstein moved to the United States with his wife and his secretary Helen Dukas. On December 20, 1933, Elsa Einstein died in Princeton.
Einstein Life in 60s
August 2, 1939: ·Einstein signed a letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt urging the acceleration of atomic bomb development.
October 1, 1940: ·Einstein became an American citizen. He was 61 years old at that time.
August 6, 1945: ·The first atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima.
May 1948: ·The State of Israel was established by the United Nations.
November 1952: ·After Chaim Weizmann’s death, Einstein was offered the presidency of Israel. He declined.
On April 18, 1955,·at the age of 76, Einstein died in New Jersey. His body was cremated and his papers turned over to the Hebrew University in Jerusalem.
Source: Spark Notes